Going Electric is a natural progression
The Internal Combustion Engine will be around for a while yet. Petrol and Diesel engines are the basis of our Transport systems and the Worlds economies. I.C.E Trucks, Cars and Motorcycles are a part of human civilization and in some ways have become a part of our personalities. The exciting sound of the car or motorcycle engine is likely to remain with us for a very long time. But things have to change. The Internal Combustion Engine needs Oxygen to work. Diesel engines emit harmful substances into the atmosphere. Petrol engines less so, but as these engines get older, through wear and tear, they also start to emit harmful engine oil smoke into the atmosphere. With an increasing world population, I.C.E Vehicle pollution is a real problem, especially in larger cities around the world.
Early History of Electric Vehicles
The first crude Electric Vehicle was most likely invented by Hungarian Anyos Jedlik in 1828, he was also the inventor of an early Electric Motor. The first practical road going Electric Vehicles would not be made before the invention of the Lead Acid Storage Battery in 1859 by Frenchman Gaston Plante. The battery was later perfected in 1881 by Frenchman Camille Alphonse Faure. The first Electric Automobile in Germany was made in 1888 by Andreas Flocken and in the United States the first Electric Automobile was made in 1890 by William Morrison.
First Electric Motorcycles
The first Electric Motorcycle was invented in 1867 by Austrian Franz Kravogl. The first Electric Three wheel Motorcycle was invented in 1881 by Frenchman Gustave Trouve. In 1884 the French and United Kingdom governments became the first countries to support the production of Electric Vehicles. In the United states the first Electric Motorcycle was patented by Ogden Bolton in September 1895. In England the first Electric Motorcycle was made in 1896 by the Humber Bicycle Company. In 1919 Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies made the first Electric Motorcycle with a Side-Car.
Discovery of the Lithium Battery
Since 1973 and after many years of research by scientists from around the world, the special assembly of a Lithium Ion Battery Prototype by Japanese Chemist Akina Yoshiro in 1985 represents the birth of the Lithium Ion battery of today. The new technology represented the breakthrough necessary to set the Electric Vehicle on it's way. Every year since, Lithium Ion Batteries have improved by an average of 7-10% annually. Today we have cars that can travel 480 km/300 miles on a single charge.
Electric Motorcycles Today
In 1996 Peugeot was the first company to release a Mass Production motorcycle called Scoot'Elec. Using Ni Cad batteries, it had a range of 40 km/25 miles. In 2006 Vectrix introduced the first production high performance Electric Scooter model VX-1 with a maximum speed of 80 kph/50 mph and a range of 105 km/65 miles. Today companies like Zero Motorcycles USA, Govecs in Germany and others have succeeded in producing quality Electric Motorcycles that meet the needs of the new consumer of today.
Modern Electric Automobile
In 2004, Electric Car Maker Tesla started the development of the most technically advanced Electric Vehicle in history. By consensus of opinion in the Automotive Industry, it is believed that the New Tesla Roadster of 2008 is regarded by many as the main catalyst to the revival of Electric Vehicle Industry as it is known today. The new Tesla Roadster met all of the most important Electric Automobile requirements, including an exceptionally long Range of 393 km/244 miles on a single battery Charge.
Electric Public Transport
We seldom acknowledge the importance of our Electric Public Transport Systems, yet they are fundamental to our daily transport needs. For more than 130 years, Electric Public Transport has been a great success story. Every day, many Millions of people around the world take Electric Trains, Trams and Buses to work and back. Electric Public Transport has succeeded because it is clean, efficient, reliable and more cost effective by utilizing electricity supplied directly from the National Power Grid.